The system of barefoot engineers based society (Balutedari) could not survive in Indian society even though the day to day needs of society based on this system remained constant. An alternative of this system was not developed. In this situation the rural youth started migrating to cities for employment. The consequence of this was resource drain from rural areas and increase of slum areas in cities. The rural region of Konkan started surviving on the money orders sent by the workers in cities. All are aware of this social situation. The question here is who will end this vicious circle and how?

 A visionary Hon’ble Dr. Kalbag from Vidnyan Ashram, Pabal initiated a project in 1983 from Pabal. To spread this project in the rural regions of India, Vidnyan Ashram introduced this project in some schools in Maharashtra with the generous support of Government of Maharashtra. The first IBT project in Konkan region started in 1996 in Lokmanya Tilak Vidyamandir, Chikhalgaon. This school is founded by Lokmanya Public Charitable Trust in Chikhalgaon which is the birthplace of Hon’ble Lokmanya Tilak. School which we see from our perspective is a workshop of building human beings who will stick to their villages and restructure the villages with their skills and hence we insist on initiating the IBT project in the schools. Through IBT curriculum schools will create barefoot engineers who will stick to their villages and cater the day to day technical needs of their locality and earn their livelihood with dignity. We will be able to stop the vicious circle of resource drain from villages. Villages will be empowered. In our nation 70% of the total population lives in villages so if we achieve the objective of empowering these villages we will make an important contribution in to the empowerment of our nation. To restructure and empower our nation we shall essentially create a brigade of rural technologists and here we need your support and active participation. Let us build a partnership in development. We believe in an integral thought by Mahatma Gandhi that “by doing the deeds with your hands you sharpen your intelligence.”

Objectives of IBT educational system:

  • Basic Principles:
  1. Creating harmonious blend of education and rural development.
  2. Achieving the natural intellectual development of students with the help of “learning through action oriented tasks” method.
  3. Enlarging the world of experiences of students.
  4. Preventing the youth drain from rural areas to cities.
  5. Training the students for useful multi-skill jobs.


  • Objectives in detail:
  1. Capability to think and act: General academic education is intended to give the capability to think. The work experience by giving the action oriented skills not only helps in the thinking process but also gives the ability to act on ones thoughts.
  2. Plan future Career: Experience is a basic component of learning and the Prevocational program is intended to their experience base and also makes it modern. It therefore has at least 3-4 modules of different skills. This helps the student to assess his own potential and likes and dislikes and thus helps plan future career. It also introduces him to the modern world of industrial operation and the spirit of enterprise.
  3. Caters to out of school youth: It also caters to out of school youth, by opening the training facilities to them and helping them to assist in community services. This becomes a step in their starting their own enterprise. This function is aided by the network of resource groups planned for the prevocational schools.
  4. Delivery Channel for New Technology: The school technical wing in a remote area also acts as a channel for delivery if new technology because of the equipment and staff, and their use in the services to the community, they are good receptors for introducing new technology developers elsewhere, particularly by the national laboratories etc.
  5. A New Work Culture: Industry has a work culture of which the important constituents are the monitoring of performance indicators, to ensure competitiveness, cost control and planning. The customer is considered supreme, and every effort is made to satisfy the market need. The economics and productivity are key considerations. Under such circumstances, hard and effective work and invention are encouraged and dignity of labour is recognized.  It should therefore be clear that this is not a vocational course for students who do not wish to go for higher studies. It is an integral part of general education that helps students to absorb the other subjects better and to apply that knowledge with greater self confidence. It is for this reason that the prevocational course is ultimately to be extended to all secondary schools. Also in any school introducing this now, all students will get this program and not just one stream.

Benefits of IBT in future educational endeavors:

  • IBT not only introduces various technologies but also gives practical realization of those technologies to students.
  • IBT encourages practical based training approach and consequently achieves the intellectual development of students.
  • The innovative mind of student is nurtured by IBT and IBT also encourages them to think out of the way to achieve excellence.
  • Students gain confidence by actually using the technologies they learn. They inculcate the habit of innovating.
  • This course makes them aware of the career choices they have according to their liking about a particular module.
  • The most important benefit of IBT is it assures reserved seats for some courses in future learning. This helps them get through the admission process easily.

Principles of IBT Course:

  1. Learning through action oriented method.
  2. Learning multi-skills.
  3. School as production unit.
  4. Developing entrepreneurship of the trainers.
  5. Providing community services.

Special Features of IBT course:

  1. Schools can apply for this program for 8th to 10th standards as an option to subject “Work Experience”. It is recognized by SSC board as Vocational I (VI) course.
  2. Students doing this course can apply for National Open Schools “Diploma in Basic Rural Technology” program. Lokmanya Public Charitable Trust will provide all technical help and resource support for implementing the program.
  3. Can be selected as curriculum subject for 8th to 10th standard.
  4. Useful in cities as well as villages.
  5. One day in a week will be dedicated to actually doing the tasks that students are learning.
  6. Students gain practical experience by providing Community Services.
  7. Society is getting benefited by services provided by the IBT students.
  8. Intended to create innovative students with the help of action oriented education.